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Gonorrhea

Definition

Gonorrhea is type of sexually transmitted disease (STD).

Causes

Gonorrhea is caused by a bacterium that is transmitted from an infected partner during sex. This can happen during oral, vaginal, or anal sex.

Risk Factors

Gonorrhea is most common among sexually active young adults. Other factors that increase your chances of getting gonorrhea include:

Symptoms

Most people who have gonorrhea do not have symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may appear 1-14 days after exposure. In some cases, symptoms do not occur for up to a month.
Symptoms in men may include:
Symptoms in women may include:
Symptoms in men and women with rectal infections may include:
Gonorrhea can also cause serious health complications.
Complications in men include:
Complications in women include:
Female Reproductive System Organs
Female Reproductive Organs
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Untreated gonorrhea can cause severe infections in:

Diagnosis

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Diagnosis is based on tests.
Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:
You may have other STD tests done, such as chlamydia , syphilis, or HIV .

Treatment

Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics. Some strains of gonorrhea have developed resistance to certain antibiotics. You and your doctor will work together to find an antibiotic that is effective.
It is important to take all medication as prescribed. Also, all of your sexual partners should be tested and treated. Do not have sex again until you and your partners have completed treatment and symptoms are gone.

Prevention

To reduce your chances of getting gonorrhea, take these steps:

RESOURCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES

Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca

Sex Information and Education Council of Canada http://www.sieccan.org

References

Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/arg/default.htm. Updated March 30, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.

Gonococcal cervicitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 17, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.

Gonococcal urethritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 17, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.

Gonorrhea. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/. Updated March 30, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.

Gonorrhea. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/gonorrhea/pages/default.aspx. Updated July 18, 2013. Accessed May 28, 2015.

Workowski KA, Berman S, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR. 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.

3/17/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for chlamydia and gonorrhea: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Dec 16;161(12):902-10.

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